“I know my students better than I ever have.”
As this teacher’s coach, those words made me smile. They warmed my heart because I knew the impact this teacher was going to have on her kids because of the truth in that statement.
It’s been my pleasure to partner with a couple of teachers this school year as we (teachers and coach) have navigated the waters of small-group instruction in reading, incorporating the five components of reading into their instruction.
Teaching students to read is an astoundingly complex cognitive process. When we sit down to read, we are using phonemic awareness (the ability to hear and manipulate sounds), phonics, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension. The goal in elementary school is to get our kids proficient so that these components are used simultaneously to create an enriched reading experience.
We could compare this to teaching the game of basketball. A coach would not just teach a player to dribble and think they could hit the court and play the game. That coach would have to teach multiple skills so the player could integrate them all on the court and create the magical moment when it all comes together to play the game.
There are times when that coach teaches skills in isolation, shooting a lay-up, for example. But, ultimately, the real measure of the player’s ability is if they can apply that ability to shoot a lay-up in a game.
The same is true for reading. Best practice in reading instruction says that when we sit down to teach kids how to read, the most gains in student achievement come when we’re incorporating all five components in small group reading instruction in a text that is at the child’s instructional reading level.
That is the adventure I’ve had the pleasure of being part of as two of my teachers and myself have partnered in building our knowledge on how to do this.
Admittedly, this adventure was frontloaded with a lot of information and time in knowing the components and knowing how to incorporate them all in a small group lesson.
What gave me great joy was to see how easily these two teachers picked up the this ability. Within a couple of weeks, they were planning their own lessons, incorporating the five components, and in their words, the planning was not nearly as hard as they thought it would be.
Within just a couple of weeks, my teachers were telling me how intimately they knew their students’ reading abilities…better than they ever had.
Each time I would I sit down with these teachers to partner with them as coach and teacher, I planned to ask them how their anecdotal notes on the five components guided their instruction for the next week. Before I could utter that question, they were telling me which kids needing phrasing work (fluency), which kids didn’t know how to break apart words using the vccv pattern (phonics), which kids needed to be pulled for an invitational group on open and closed syllables (phonics), which kids had a deficit in vocabulary, etc.
They knew their kids abilities in reading…their strengths and their targeted need. They knew this because the witnessed the kids either succeed or struggle with these skills right before their eyes.
This was just after a few weeks of going through a coaching cycle. So powerful.
And, we’ve only been in school for a little over a month. Just think the progress these kids are going to make in reading after an entire year of targeted instruction.
Are you interested in knowing your kids’ reading abilities to this extent? Here’s where you can start:
- Keep your whole group lessons down to mini-lessons. Just because you’re teaching during that whole group time, doesn’t mean your kids are engaged and learning. And, it’s impossible to glean the knowledge you need on your kids’ abilities in the five components if the majority of your time is spent in whole group instruction.
- Make small groups a priority. Every day.
- Begin building your knowledge on the five components of reading.
- Talk to your coach or colleagues who can guide you in incorporating this into your instruction.
Take these steps, and it could be you saying you know your kids better than you ever have before.